OHS Alberta | Part 12 – General Safety Precautions
Pallet and storage racks
187(1) An employer must ensure that pallets used to transport or store materials or containers are loaded, moved, stacked, arranged and stored in a manner that does not create danger to workers.
187(2) An Employer must ensure the racks used to store materials or equipment
(a) are designed, constructed and maintained to support the load on them
(b) are placed on firm foundations that can support the load
187(3) A worker must report any damage to a storage rack to an employer as quickly as is practicable
187(4) The employer and the workers at a work site must take all reasonable steps to prevent storage racks from being damaged to the extent that their integrity as structures is compromised.
Alberta’s OHS Regulations
Alberta Building Code & Standards
WorkSafe BC | OHS REGULATIONS PART 4: GENERAL CONDITIONS
4.43.1 Storage racks
(1) In this section, “storage rack” means a combination of steel frames, beams and associated accessories used, once assembled into a structure, to support materials and products, including, for example, a pallet rack or cantilever rack, but excludes shelving and display fixtures used for retail purposes.
(2) This section applies in respect of a storage rack that is
(a) 2.4 m (8 ft) or taller in height, as measured from the floor to the top of the highest shelf level of the storage rack
(b) under 2.4 m (8 ft) in height, if the materials and products are loaded on or unloaded off the storage rack by other than manual means.
(3) The employer must ensure that a storage rack in the workplace is
(a) capable of safely supporting the items stored on it,
(b) designed and constructed in accordance with good engineering practice, and
(c) used in accordance with the specifications and instructions of the manufacturer or a professional engineer.
(4) The employer must ensure that a qualified person installs and uninstalls the storage rack, in whole or in part, in accordance with the instructions of the manufacturer or a professional engineer.
(5) The employer must ensure that the instructions of the manufacturer or a professional engineer for safely loading, unloading and maintaining the storage rack are readily available in the workplace to workers.
(6) The employer must ensure that the rated capacity of the storage rack is clearly posted near the storage rack and readily visible to workers.
(7) The employer must ensure that any structural modification, including reconfiguration, of the storage rack is carried out in accordance with the specifications of the manufacturer or a professional engineer.
(8) The employer must ensure that a qualified person
(a) inspects the storage rack
(i) for wear, corrosion, damage, missing or incompatible parts, and signs of fatigue, and
(ii) at regular intervals that will prevent the development of unsafe working conditions,
(b) makes a record of the results of each inspection, and
(c) provides the record to the employer.
(9) The employer must ensure that, with respect to the storage rack,
(a) regular maintenance is done, and
(b) wear, corrosion, damage, missing or incompatible parts, and signs of fatigue are repaired or replaced in accordance with the specifications and instructions of the manufacturer or a professional engineer.
BC OHS Regulations
BC Building Codes
Manitoba Workplace Safety & Health Act & Regulation | Part 7 – Storage of Materials, Equipment, Machines & Tools
General Requirement restorage
7.1 An employer must ensure that all workplace materials, equipment, machines and tools are stored in a manner that does not create a risk to the safety or health of a worker or affect the safe operation of the workplace. Safe loading conditions — permanent or temporary building or structure
7.2(1) An employer must ensure that the safe loading conditions for a permanent or temporary building or structure, as specified in the Manitoba Building Code or the design specifications of a professional engineer, are not exceeded
(a) during its construction; or
(b) when it is used to store materials, equipment, machines, or tools.
7.2(2) If it appears that the loading conditions specified in subsection (1) may be exceeded when the use of a building or structure is changed, the employer must ensure that the loading conditions respecting the changed use are certified in advance of the change in use as being safe by a professional engineer. Storage beneath electrical lines
7.3 An employer must obtain the written approval of the electrical authority having jurisdiction before storing machinery, materials, or equipment beneath an outdoor overhead electrical line. Design of racking
7.4(1) An employer must ensure that all racks and frames used to store materials, equipment, machines or tools are
(a) designed, constructed, and maintained to support the load placed on them; and
(b) placed on firm foundations that can support the load.
7.4(2) An employer must ensure that commercially manufactured racks and frames are installed, used and maintained in accordance with the manufacturer’s specifications.
7.4(3) An employer must ensure that racks that exceed a 3:1 height-to depth ratio are suitably anchored, externally braced or properly secured to a building or structure.
7.4(4) An employer must ensure that all racks and frames used outdoors to store materials, equipment, machines or tools are designed, constructed and maintained to support loads placed on them by wind, wind gusts and other environmental conditions.
Manitoba Workplace Safety and Health Act and Regulation 2020
Guideline for Industrial Steel Storage Rack
Manitoba Building Code
Occupational Health & Safety Regulations | S-15.1 Part 9-19
Pallets & Storage Racks
(130) An employer, contractor, owner or supplier shall ensure that:
(a) pallets are maintained in a manner that will permit safe lifting of the pallets and the pallets’ loads by a forklift truck or other device; and
(b) racks for the storage of materials or equipment are:
(i) designed, constructed and maintained to support any load placed on the racks; and
(ii) erected on a firm foundation.
Occupational Health & Safety Regulations
National Building Code of Canada
The National Building Code of Canada 2015, adopted for use throughout Saskatchewan, came into effect on January 1, 2018.
Occupational Health & Safety Act (OSHA)
Section 7- Pre-Start Health and Safety Review (PSR)
In accordance with Section 7 of the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA), a Pre-Start Health and Safety Review (PSR) is required for new and used rack installations, and also for changes made to existing racking.
A PSR is an in-depth examination of a machine/device, structure, protective element or process that is undertaken to identify any potential or existing non-compliance.
Section 7 – Item 3: Racks and Stacking Structures – When materials, articles or things are to be placed or stored on a rack or stacking structure, a PSR is required.
Section 7- Item 3- Clause 45 (b) : The rack or stacking structure is designed and tested for use in accordance with current applicable standards.
PSR Exemption Conditions
When a workplace can establish through documentation that a rack or stacking structure is designed and tested for use in accordance with ANSI MH16.1-2012 (R2019)* Specification for the Design, Testing, and Utilization of Industrial Steel storage racks, the owner lessee or employer may claim an exemption from conducting a PSR.
Documents Required to Establish an Exemption:
1) A statement that the rack or stacking structure is designed and tested for use in accordance with ANSI MH1616.1-2012(R2019) Specification for the Design, Testing, and Utilization of Industrial Steel Storage Racks.
2) Capacity tables, capacity charts, or a written statement specifying the capacity
3) Structural drawings, identification of all components and how they must be assembled, and
4) instructions for the safe installation and use of the rack or stacking structure
Each component provided by the manufacturer must be tested to the standard to validate the design. Once a component has been tested and validated, it becomes acceptable for use. A rack or racking system that is assembled using components that have been designed and tested for use in accordance with ANSI MH16.1-2012 (R2019)* Specification for the Design, Testing, and Utilization of Industrial Steel Storage racks may still require a PSR if there is no documentation that clearly states that the rack or stacking structure as a whole is designed to the above listed current applicable standard.
OHS Ontario Regulations
Ontario Building Code & Standards